The Estrela Mountain Dog was also bred for its loyal and dependable nature to ensure they would remain steadfast protectors of their masters and their master’s property and livestock. The Estrela Mountain Dog is a double coat breed with the coat presented in two varieties: Long and Short. The Estrela Mountain Dog is a natural breed of dog with a thick, double-layered coat of fur that doesn’t require any professional grooming thanks to their upbringing as utility animals. The Estrela Mountain Dog developed into its characteristic traits and appearance over several hundred years while they were bred and used as shepherd companions for tending stock in the rugged Estrela Mountains of Portugal. The long-haired version is short around the face and well feathered on the lower portions of the body and tail. The short coat is dense and may have some feathering. A strong will is necessary to master this regal animal but once they are trained and have established a bond, they will lay down their lives for their master’s family. Clipping of the dewclaws is necessary to prevent them from getting too long and being more likely to get caught in brush or grass and painfully ripped off. Would You Like a 5 Star Pet Dog Trainer in Arlington, TX? Please click the Dallas button above to check! They can be aggressive with dogs of the same sex, but are generally good with other pets. This has made them content with whatever they can receive in food. ; Males: 75 - 110 lbs. Thanks to the fact that they were bred for their physical capabilities, these dogs are quite healthy and don’t have any particularly noteworthy health issues in general. It’s best to brush your Estrela Mountain Dog once a week during its time of increased shedding. Estrela Mountain Dogs are very intelligent. It is “one of the oldest breeds in the Iberian Peninsula.” Description Coat. The under coat is dense. Estrela Mountain Dogs are extremely loyal to the ones they love, but are indifferent towards strangers. Both coat types should resemble the texture of goat hair; it is thick and coarse yet softer around the face and ears. They need a firm hand in training, but not a domineering hand. The hair is strong, thick, but not too rough. The Estrela Mountain Dog has a tuft of hair on the neck. They have a strong head with wide nostrils, and a bushy tail. Both types should have coat resembling the texture of goat hair. He is thought to have evolved mainly from the Roman Mastiffs, with a touch of Saint Bernard, and is known to be one of the oldest dogs of Portugal. They are said to be very difficult to breed; as one owner stated, "If you start trying when she is just ...two, you may get her mated by the time she is three and a half." White markings on chest, underside, feet or tail are tolerated but undesirable. Health Issues: Estrela Mountain Dogs have relatively few health problems, of these are hip dysplasia and gastric problems. Because royalty dogs were fed more often and worked less often, this led to the breed becoming bigger and stronger-boned than its predecessors. Walking them for 30 to 60 minutes a day will ensure they remain happy and healthy throughout their lives. Forearms, thighs, rear pasterns and tail abundantly feathered. These animals should be fed food appropriate to their size, age, and activity level to ensure they get the proper nutrition to keep them happy and healthy. It wasn’t until the 1950s that interest in this breed began to rise in the world of show dogs. Short coats are more common among working Estrela Mountain Dogs. Their skull and muzzle are typically the same length with the skull sometimes being slightly longer. Long coat: The thick, slightly coarse outer coat lies close over the body and may be flat or slightly waved, but never curly. Keep the good bye brief and relaxed. Estrela Mountain Dogs are generally gentle and devoted to their master. The Estrela Mountain Dog is a noble creature with a proud bearing yet gentle nature that makes them a great option for family protectors and playmates. Estrela Mountain Dogs can suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia later in life due to their large size, but this is almost always something that only crops up in Estrela Mountain Dogs who are rather advanced in their age. Patience is the key to training. Give them a good brush once a week and that should keep their coat in good condition. Coat: Long Coat: The outer coat is thick and moderately harsh, resembling goat hair, lying close over the body, flat or slightly waved, never curly. Since we love to celebrate, we've compiled a few beautiful pictures of some of our red-haired breeds. Despite this lifestyle, they are not exceptionally energetic dogs when it comes to expectations of daily exercise. 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